1901 01 01 Commonwealth of Australia incorporated.
1901 01 01 Edmund Barton becomes first Prime Minister of Australia
1901 01 01 Nigeria becomes a British protectorate
1901 01 03 St. Louis Southwestern Railway buys Stuttgart & Arkansas River Railroad in Arkansas.
1901 01 07 Alferd Packer is released from prison after serving 18 years for cannibalism
1901 01 10 The first great Texas gusher, oil discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas
1901 01 22 Queen Victoria dies.
1901 01 22 Edward VII (Albert Edward, Prince of Wales) becomes King.
1901 01 22 Prince George, Duke of York becomes Duke of Cornwall.

1901 02 20 The legislature of Hawaii Territory convenes for the first time.
1901 02 25 J.P. Morgan incorporates the United States Steel Corporation.
1901 02 XX Canadian Locomotive Company is formed from Canadian Locomotive and Engine Company.

1901 03 02 U.S. Congress passes Platt amendment.
1901 03 06 In Bremen an assassin attempts to kill Wilhelm II of Germany.
1901 03 13 Benjamin Harrison dies.
1901 03 14 First performance of Anton Bruckner's 6th Symphony In A
1901 03 17 Showing of 71 Vincent van Gogh paintings in Paris creates a sensation.

1901 04 25 New York State becomes the first to require automobile license plates.

1901 05 05 Official end of the Caste War of Yucatàn, mayan skirmishers continue.
1901 05 09 Australia opens its first parliament in Melbourne.
1901 05 27 Edison Storage Battery Company is founded in New Jersey.
1901 05 XX Frederick D. Underwood succeeds Eben B. Thomas as president of the Erie Railroad.

1901 06 02 桂 太郎 (Katsura Taro) becomes Prime Minister of Japan
1901 06 12 Cuba becomes US protectorate
1901 06 14 The Atlantic City Railroad (predecessor of the Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines) is incorporated from the merger of the Camden County Railroad, Ocean City Railroad and Seacoast Railroad.
1901 06 24 Pablo Picasso's first exhibition receives favorable reviews.
1901 06 24 The American Locomotive Company (ALCO) is formed through the merger of eight smaller American steam locomotive manufacturers.

1901 07 04 Covered bridge crossing St.John River at Hartland, New Brunswick is the world's longest.
1901 07 24 O. Henry is released from prison after serving three years for embezzlement.
1901 07 25 The Hull Electric Railway officially begins regular service over the Interprovincial Bridge between Ottawa and Aylmer.
1901 07 31 German meteorologists Berson and Süring climb to 10,800 m in a free balloon.

1901 08 05 Queenscliff Junction, in Victoria, Australia, is closed.
1901 08 18 Gustave Whitehead flew his heavier-than-air aircraft at Bridgeport, Connecticut.

1901 09 02 Theodore Roosevelt says, “Speak softly and carry a big stick” at Minnesota State Fair.
1901 09 05 National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues formed in Chicago, Illinois.
1901 09 06 William McKinley shot at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York.
1901 09 07 Boxer Rebellion in China officially ends with the signing of the Peking Protocol.
1901 09 09 Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd born.
1901 09 14 William McKinley assassinated.
1901 09 14 Theodore Roosevelt becomes the 26th President of the United States of America.

1901 10 01 Henry Ford drives his Quadricycle to victory in a race against Alexander Winton.
1901 10 02 Royal Navy's first submarine launched at Barrow
1901 10 19 Alberto Santos-Dumont flies dirigible around Eiffel Tower for FF100,000.
1901 10 24 Michigan schoolteacher Annie Taylor goes down Niagara Falls in a barrel and survives.
1901 10 27 First complete performance of Sergei Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. 2
1901 10 29 Assassin of President McKinley is executed by electrocution.
1901 10 29 Massachusetts nurse Jane Toppan arrested for murdering Boston family with morphine.
1901 10 29 Royal Aero Club of Great Britain is established.

1901 11 07 Memphis, Helena and Louisiana Railroad, a predecessor of the St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railroad, is organized in Arkansas.
1901 11 09 Prince George, Duke of Cornwall becomes Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester.
1901 11 25 Symphony No. 4 Gustav Mahler

1901 12 03 President Roosevelt asks Congress curb the power of trusts "within reasonable limits".
1901 12 10 Marie Curie receives doctorate.
1901 12 12 Guglielmo Marconi receives first trans-Atlantic radio signal in Newfoundland, Canada.
1901 12 12 Pennsylvania Railroad president Alexander Cassatt announces the railroad's plan to enter New York City — to tunnel under the Hudson River and to build a grand station on the West Side of Manhattan, a station that would become Pennsylvania Station.

1901 XX XX The first Nobel Prize ceremony is held in Stockholm. First Nobel Prizes awarded o Physics - Wilhelm Röntgen o Chemistry - Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff o Medicine - Emil Adolf von Behring
1901 XX XX Detroit Automobile Co. goes bankrupt after selling only four or five cars in 2 years.
1901 XX XX Henry Ford Co. formed with Henry Ford as chief engineer.
1901 XX XX In the United Kingdom, Factory Act forbids child labor under 12
1901 XX XX Two typhoid outbreaks in USA
1901 XX XX Winston Churchill enters the House of Commons
1901 XX XX In Germany, Eugen Hollander makes the first known facelift to a Polish noblewoman
1901 XX XX Miller Reese Hutchinson patents Acousticon, a heavy hearing-aid prototype
1901 XX XX Scotland Yard creates a fingerprint archive
1901 XX XX Cleveland Indians founded
1901 XX XX Europium discovered by Eugène-Antole Demarçay
1901 XX XX First prototype Harley-Davidson created
1901 XX XX Okapi discovered (previously known only to local natives)
1901 XX XX Independent Maya of Eastern Yucatán surrender to Mexico
1901 XX XX American Standard Version Bible first published.
1901 XX XX Intercollegiate Prohibition Association established in Chicago, Illinois.
1901 XX XX Union Station in Washington, DC, is commissioned.
1901 XX XX Construction begins on Wardenclyffe Tower in Shoreham, New York.
1901 XX XX Ward W. Willits House designed by Frank Lloyd Wright.
1901 XX XX Whitechapel Art Gallery in London, designed by C. Harrison Townsend is completed.
1901 XX XX Hay Harvest at Éragny Camille Pissarro
1901 XX XX Edwin S. Porter is put in charge of Thomas Edison's motion-picture production company.
1901 XX XX A láthatatlan ember Géza Gárdonyi
1901 XX XX The Aerial Village Jules Verne
1901 XX XX La Becquée René Boylesve
1901 XX XX Bubu de Montparnasse Charles-Louis Philippe
1901 XX XX Claudine à Paris Colette
1901 XX XX The Crisis Winston Churchill
1901 XX XX The Eternal City Hall Caine
1901 XX XX The House with the Green Shutters George Douglas
1901 XX XX Kim Rudyard Kipling
1901 XX XX My Brilliant Career Miles Franklin
1901 XX XX The Octopus Frank Norris
1901 XX XX Travail Emile Zola
1901 XX XX Sister Theresa George Moore (novelist)
1901 XX XX Up from Slavery Booker T. Washington
1901 XX XX The Three Sisters Anton Chekov
1901 XX XX Universal Edition classical music publishing firm is founded in Vienna.
1901 XX XX Academia Granados founded by Enrique Granados in Spain.
1901 XX XX Geraldine Farrar makes her operatic debut.
1901 XX XX Percy Grainger makes his recital debut.
1901 XX XX Ain't That A Shame John Queen/Walter Wilson
1901 XX XX All That Glitters Is Not Gold George A. Norton/James W. Casey
1901 XX XX Any Old Place I Can Hang My Hat Is Home Sweet Home To Me William Jerome/Jean Schwartz
1901 XX XX At The Pan-I-Marry-Can Harry Dillon/John Dillon
1901 XX XX Baby Mine Raymond A. Browne/Leo Friedman
1901 XX XX The Billboard John N. Klohr
1901 XX XX Blaze Away Abe Holzmann
1901 XX XX Coon! Coon! Coon! Leo Friedman & Gene Jefferson
1901 XX XX The Country Girl Stanislaus Stange/Julian Edwards
1901 XX XX Davy Jones' Locker H. W. Petrie
1901 XX XX Don't Put Me Off At Buffalo Any More William Jerome/Jean Schwartz
1901 XX XX Down Where The Cotton Blossoms Grow Andrew B. Sterling/Harry Von Tilzer
1901 XX XX Eyes Of Blue, Eyes Of Brown Costen & Andrew B. Sterling
1901 XX XX Flora, I Am Your Adorer Vincent P. Bryan/Charles Robinson
1901 XX XX The Fortune Telling Man Bert Williams & George Walker
1901 XX XX Go Way Back And Sit Down Elmer Bowman m. Al Johns
1901 XX XX Good Morning, Carrie Cecil Mack/Chris Smith & Elmer Bowman
1901 XX XX He Calls Me His Own Grace Darling Lawrence Barclay
1901 XX XX He Laid Away A Suit Of Gray To Wear The Union Blue Edward M. Wickes/Ben Jansen
1901 XX XX He Ought To Have A Tablet In The Hall of Fame Arthur L. Robb/John W. Bratton
1901 XX XX Hello Central, Give Me Heaven Charles K. Harris
1901 XX XX Hiawatha Neil Moret
1901 XX XX High Society Walter Melrose & Porter Steele
1901 XX XX Hoity-Toity Edgar Smith/John Stromberg
1901 XX XX Jagtime Johnson's Ragtime March Fred L. Ryder
1901 XX XX The Honeysuckle And The Bee Albert H. Fitz/William H. Penn
1901 XX XX I Ain't A-goin' To Weep No More George Totten Smith/Harry von Tilzer
1901 XX XX I Hate To Get Up Early In The Morning John Queen/Hughie Cannon
1901 XX XX I Love You Truly Carrie Jacobs-Bond
1901 XX XX I Want To Be A Lidy George Dance/George Dee
1901 XX XX If You Love Your Baby, Make Dem Goo-Goo Eyes Bert Williams/George Walker
1901 XX XX I'll Be With You When The Roses Bloom Again Will D. Cobb/Gus Edwards
1901 XX XX I'm Tired William Jerome/Jean Schwartz
1901 XX XX In The Shade Of The Palm Leslie Stuart
1901 XX XX The Invincible Eagle March John Philip Sousa
1901 XX XX It Seems Like Yesterday Frederic Ranken/Isidore Witmark
1901 XX XX I've Grown So Used To You Thurland Chattaway
1901 XX XX Josephine, My Jo Cecil Mack/J. Tim Brymn
1901 XX XX Just A-Wearyin' For You Frank Stanton/Carrie Jacobs-Bond
1901 XX XX The Maiden With The Dreamy Eyes James Weldon Johnson & Bob Cole/J. Rosamond Johnson
1901 XX XX Mamie, Don't You Feel Ashamie Will D. Cobb/Gus Edwards
1901 XX XX Mighty Lak' A Rose Frank L. Stanton/Ethelbert Nevin
1901 XX XX My Castle On The Nile Bob Cole & James Weldon Johnson/J. Rosamond Johnson
1901 XX XX My Japanese Cherry Blossom Edgar Smith/John Stromberg
1901 XX XX My Lady Hottentot William Jerome/Harry von Tilzer
1901 XX XX My Lonesome Little Louisiana Lady Will D. Cobb/Gus Edwards
1901 XX XX My Own United States Stanislaus Stange/Julian Edwards
1901 XX XX My Princess Zulu Lulu Dave Reed Jr
1901 XX XX Nancy Brown Clifton Crawford
1901 XX XX O Dry Those Tears! Teresa del Riego
1901 XX XX Oh! Oh! Miss Phoebe Andrew B. Sterling/Harry von Tilzer
1901 XX XX Panamericana Victor Herbert
1901 XX XX The Phrenologist Coon Ernest Hogan/Will Accooee
1901 XX XX A Picture Without A Frame Al Wilbur & Harry Jonnes
1901 XX XX Rusty Rags Ossman
1901 XX XX Sally's Sunday Hat Will D. Cobb/Gus Edwards
1901 XX XX Serenade Jerry Gray & Herb Hendler/Riccardo Drigo
1901 XX XX She's Getting More Like The White Folks Every Day Bert Williams & George Walker
1901 XX XX A Signal from Mars E.T. Paull
1901 XX XX Simple Little Sister Mary Green Clifton Crawford
1901 XX XX Somehow It Made Him Think Of Home Frederic Ranken/Isidore Witmark
1901 XX XX Sunflower Slow Drag Scott Joplin & Scott Hayden
1901 XX XX Sweet Annie Moore John H. Flynn
1901 XX XX Tact Leslie Stuart
1901 XX XX The Tale Of A Bumble Bee Frank Pixley/Gustav Luders
1901 XX XX Tell Me Dusky Maiden James Weldon Johnson & Bob Cole/J. Rosamond Johnson
1901 XX XX Tell Us Pretty Ladies Edgar Smith/John Stromberg
1901 XX XX There's No North Or South Today Paul Dresser
1901 XX XX Tobermory Harry Lauder
1901 XX XX Way Down In Indiana Paul Dresser
1901 XX XX Way Down Yonder In The Cornfield Will D. Cobb/Gus Edwards
1901 XX XX We Shall Overcome C. Albert Tindley
1901 XX XX The Wedding Of Reuben And The Maid Harry B. Smith/Maurice Levi
1901 XX XX When It's All Goin' Out And Nothin' Comin' In Bert Williams & George Walker
1901 XX XX When Mr Shakespeare Comes To Town William Jerome/Jean Schwartz
1901 XX XX When The Boys Go Marching By Charles W. Doty
1901 XX XX When Two Little Hearts Are One Edgar Smith/John Stromberg
1901 XX XX Where The Silv'ry Colorado Wends Its Way C. H. Scoggins/Charles Avril
1901 XX XX Zamona Frederic Ranken/William Loraine
1901 XX XX Wright brothers optimise their No. 2 Glider wing design.
1901 XX XX Wilhelm Kress trials a triplane seaplane that makes a short hop before capsizing.
1901 XX XX E. H. Harriman succeeds Charles Hayes as president of the Southern Pacific Company, parent company of the Southern Pacific Railroad.
1901 XX XX Jacob S. Rogers, still the primary shareholder, closes Rogers Locomotive Company, but then reopens the company as Rogers Locomotive Works after the ALCO merger.
1901 XX XX American Car and Foundry (ACF) acquires Jackson and Sharp Company and Common Sense Bolster Company.
1901 XX XX The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (ATSF) purchases the Santa Fe and Grand Canyon Railway renames it to the Grand Canyon Railway and begins operating it as a subsidiary railroad and destination for customers of ATSF's passenger trains.
1901 XX XX Okapi, a relative of the Giraffe found in the rainforests around the Congo River in north east Zaire, is discovered (previously known only to local natives).
1901 XX XX The Edison Storage Battery Company is founded.
1901 XX XX Europium discovered by Eugéne Demarcay
1901 XX XX Élie Cartan develops the exterior derivative.
1901 XX XX Epinephrine is rediscovered by Jokichi Takamine, who names it adrenaline.
1901 XX XX Eastman Kodak introduced the 120 film.
1901 XX XX Guglielmo Marconi transmits radio signals from Cornwall to Newfoundland.
1901 XX XX Wollaston Medal for Geology - Charles Barrois


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